Voluntary repatriation may be one solution for refugees who have made the brave decision to return home. Together with the country of origin and international community, UNHCR strives to facilitate their choice through ‘go-and-see’ visits, education, legal aid, and family reunification. Our efforts have helped hundreds of thousands of people to return home to countries like Angola and Somalia.

For those who cannot return, either because of continued conflict, wars or persecution, resettlement in another country is one alternative. To aid this process, we provide cultural orientation, language and vocational training, as well as access to education and employment. However, of the 20.4 million refugees of concern to UNHCR around the world, less than one per cent is submitted for resettlement.

Another alternative for those who are unable to return home is integration within the host community. This is often a complex process which places considerable demands on both the individual and the receiving society. However, it also has benefits, allowing refugees to contribute socially and economically. Over the past decade, 1.1 million refugees around the world have become citizens in their country of asylum.