Operation: Opération: Mozambique



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Key Figures

2018 year-end results
100% of refugees had access to primary health care
2,500 registered refugee children enrolled in primary education
390 advocacy interventions on SGBV prevention and response were undertaken
260 refugees and asylum-seekers received legal assistance
120 refugees and host community members received life-skills training for livelihood purposes
110 refugees were resettled to third countries
2019 planning figures
9,000 people of concern will have access to primary healthcare in Maratane refugee camp
2,500 children living in and around the Maratane refugee camp will be enrolled for primary education
1,000 people of concern will receive support for their naturalization process
70% of reported cases of child abuse, violence or exploitation in the Maratane camp will receive age and gender sensitive services

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

Decrease in
2018 43,736
2017 45,035
2016 38,534


[["Refugees",4907],["Asylum-seekers",21139],["Returned IDPs",8845],["Returned refugees",8845]]
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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[5.35033532,5.14927993,5.50288191,5.52294825,5.94621359,9.05979366],"expenditure":[3.11008688,2.89281237,2.77095579,3.25396842,3.9230942,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[4.98677933,4.76918068,5.11505699,5.39732245,5.62665857,5.83019729],"p2":[0.36355599,0.38009925,0.38782492,0.1256258,0.31955502,0.11797337],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,3.111623]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[2.93373586,2.71037374,2.60526196,3.23707626,3.8018527,null],"p2":[0.17635102,0.18243863,0.16569383,0.01689216,0.1212415,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Operational environment

The peace process between the Government of Mozambique and the opposition party RENAMO continued. While the country remained relatively stable and peaceful, the attacks by un-identified armed groups in the northern region of Cabo Delgado evolved into a serious security threat.
UNHCR continued to engage closely with the Government of Mozambique and provide assistance in the management of refugees and asylum-seekers. Approximately a third of refugees and asylum-seekers were hosted in Maratane refugee camp in Nampula Province, while the remaining were living in urban areas across the country. Mozambique expressed its support and cooperation for applying CRRF.  
There are some 12,000 asylum claims recommended for refugee status by National Eligibility Commission that have been pending signature by the Minister of Interior since 2011.
Some 2,600 Mozambican asylum-seekers who were remaining in Malawi returned spontaneously to their places of origin in late 2018.

Population trends

At the end of 2018, Mozambique was hosting some 50,020 people of concern to UNHCR, including 4,910 refugees, 21,140 asylum-seekers, 8,850 returnees and 15,130 IDPs. The majority of the refugees and asylum-seekers were from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Key achievements

In 2018, UNHCR:
  • Biometrically verified and registered close to 3,350 refugees and asylum-seekers in Nampula, the capital of Nampula Province;
  • Strengthened identification and response to SGBV, through improved intake forms and developed referral pathways;
  • At least half of the people of concern who accessed counselling sessions were women;
  • Upgraded the refugee camp library and classroom with child friendly learning materials;
  • Provided assistance to the Mozambican returnees from Malawi together with a partner.

Unmet needs

Due to funding constraints:
  • Income generation opportunities for participants of a livelihoods project aimed at improving self-reliance and reducing aid dependency of vulnerable people were not established;
  • Installation of communal latrines, replacement of the main water tank and recruitment of WASH promoters in Maratane Refugee Camp were not undertaken;
  • Lack of adequate staff for adequate project implementation and monitoring.

Working environment

According to a verification of refugees and asylum-seekers conducted in 2016-2017, there are 22,400 refugees and asylum-seekers in Mozambique. In addition, some 15,000 Mozambicans continued to be internally displaced by mid-2017. The operation is likely to continue receiving an average of 150 new arrivals per month in 2018, unless the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and/or Burundi changes. It also expects to receive at least 7,500 Mozambican returnees from Malawi and Zimbabwe.
In addition, Mozambique continues to receive a steady flow of refugees and economic migrants. Mixed movement is addressed jointly with IOM and the relevant government departments through regular exchange of information and joint planning of activities. The Government of Mozambique will need continued support in developing a comprehensive response for mixed movements.
A majority (75 per cent) of refugees from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are pursuing local integration.
The National Institute for Support of Refugees (INAR) is UNHCR’s key interlocutor. The national institute for Employment and Labor (INEFP) provides vocational training. The Government also provides land for expansion of the agricultural activities in Maratane camp and supports the ‘livelihoods for durable solutions’ project.
The livelihoods for durable solutions project and reintegration of the Mozambican returnees from Malawi and Zimbabwe are one of the critical areas who will require support in 2018. UNHCR is carrying out protection monitoring of the repatriation and re-integration of Mozambican from Malawi and Zimbabwe.

Key priorities

In 2018, UNHCR will focus on:
  • Promoting durable solutions through access to livelihood activities, and introduction of cash based interventions (CBI) for the most vulnerable;
  • Protecting people of concern in mixed movement in close cooperation with IOM;
  • Facilitating voluntary repatriation of Mozambican asylum-seekers from Malawi and Zimbabwe;
  • Promoting access to citizenship for refugee and asylum-seeker children born in the country and assisting refugees in naturalization procedures. 
Latest contributions
  • 17-JUL-2019
  • 16-JUL-2019
  • 11-JUL-2019
  • 10-JUL-2019
  • 08-JUL-2019
    European Union
  • Kuwait
  • 05-JUL-2019
  • 04-JUL-2019

    private donors

  • European Union
  • Japan
  • 03-JUL-2019
  • 02-JUL-2019
  • 30-JUN-2019

    private donors

  • Argentina
  • Sweden

    private donors

  • Spain
  • Oman

    private donors

  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

  • Kuwait

    private donors

  • Saudi Arabia

    private donors