Operation: Opération: Chad



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Key Figures

2018 year-end results
85,030 children enrolled in schools across camps and host villages, including some 2,329 Chadian children enrolled in camp schools
22,010 new arrivals from CAR registered individually and assisted, with 54% settled in host villages and 46% in existing camps in the south of Chad
19,260  refugee children received birth certificates
1,760 refugees (62% children) assisted to return to Sudan
760  refugees were resettled
149 IDP sites benefitted from protection monitoring
2019 planning figures
100%  of refugees aged 18 and above will be registered and receive refugee ID cards
90% of the schools in refugee camps are effectively integrated into national education system
20,000 refugees will be assisted to return to their countries of origin

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

Increase in
2018 663,064
2017 612,197
2016 554,248


[["Refugees",451210],["Asylum-seekers",3472],["IDPs",165313],["Returned refugees",6351],["Others of concern",36718]]
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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[227.01880633,171.27878662,162.72600883,165.14580717,148.98474366,130.38401251],"expenditure":[84.18710953,75.37343665,66.52621607,75.26912203,75.23436713,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[227.01880633,168.80272862,159.8415425,161.30406817,140.34638666,123.72725391],"p2":[null,1.591058,0.91141933,0.991739,3.003699,1.054253],"p3":[null,0.885,null,null,null,2.425],"p4":[null,null,1.973047,2.85,5.634658,3.1775056]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[84.18710953,73.95915008,64.07941138,73.92938715,73.03403377,null],"p2":[null,0.60820855,0.62793008,0.33109233,0.53192806,null],"p3":[null,0.80607802,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,1.81887461,1.00864255,1.6684053,null]}
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  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Operational context

Chad continued to be affected by the economic crisis that has being ongoing in the region since 2015, as well as the border closures with the Central African Republic (CAR), Libya and Nigeria due to the volatile security situation.
During the first half of 2018, some 22,000 refugees fled from the CAR to the south of Chad. UNHCR successfully led the emergency response, gradually transitioning towards stabilization. At the end of 2018, attacks by armed groups in Nigeria triggered an influx of over 4,500 Nigerian refugees to the Lake Chad province.
In September 2018, Chad launched its Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) with the support of UNHCR. In this respect, the Office contributed to the development of two humanitarian-development initiatives led by the World Bank and the European Union, designed to benefit refugee-hosting areas.
In the east of the country, blanket food distributions came to an end after over a decade, with the region’s transition to vulnerability-based food assistance leading to violence and the subsequent suspension of assistance in some of the camps hosting Sudanese refugees. UNHCR and WFP maintained dialogue to resolve the deadlock.
The voluntary repatriation of Sudanese refugees was facilitated by UNHCR in 2018, as was the return of Chadian refugees, following the signature of a Tripartite Agreement with the Governments of Chad and Sudan.

Population trends

The population of concern to UNHCR in Chad increased by 8%, from some 611,230 in January to 661,520 at the end of December 2018. This includes nearly 454,700 refugees and asylum-seekers mainly from the CAR, Nigeria and Sudan. Some 56% of the population of concern are children.
The number of IDPs increased from some 99,980 at the beginning of the year, to more than 165,310 at the end of 2018.

Key achievements

  • Following the influx of refugees from the CAR, UNHCR led the emergency response in the south of Chad. All individuals were registered and subsequently relocated to host villages (54%) and existing camps (46%), in line with the Government’s out-of-camp policy.
  • The application of the CRRF in 2018 enabled the integration of schools built by UNHCR in refugee camps into the national education system. The same process will be followed for health facilities.
  • UNHCR continued to lead the protection and CCCM/shelter cluster for the IDP response in the Lake Chad area.

Unmet needs

  • Despite the Government’s engagement towards refugees, the asylum law is yet to be adopted in Parliament.
  • Efforts to prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence remained insufficient, with SGBV incidents going largely unreported. 
  • UNHCR’s engagement in the IDP response in the Lake area remained minimal, notably in terms of protection response and the provision of shelter.

Working environment

The difficult socio-economic environment in Chad is expected to continue in 2018. While there is currently no indication of an armed conflict, the biggest threats will likely be terrorism and civil unrest. Socio-economic and political tensions could degenerate into violence and rising criminality.
Furthermore the operational environment is characterized by the conflict and insecurity in the region, including the continuing fight against Boko Haram. The lingering insecurity in the Central African Republic (CAR) may continue to have repercussions on Chad with 1,000 to 5,000 new arrivals planned. Voluntary repatriation will be an unlikely solution in 2018, due to the security concerns in the countries of origin.
Hosting refugees for over 13 years, Chad continues to have a positive and welcoming attitude, evident through the provision of land for agriculture and placement of some teachers in camp schools. In 2018 and 2019 partnerships with regional and local national services will be strengthened to promote ownership of local development plans, particularly in education and health. 
Despite Chad acceding to the 1951 Geneva Convention in 1981, a draft national law is yet to be approved. Some 90,000 refugee children born in Chad have not been issued birth certificates, which continues to be a serious protection concern. Heavily influenced by harmful traditional practices which violate basic human rights, predominantly of women and children, combined with a weak judicial system, the protection of refugees remains challenging.
The traditional partnership with CNARR (Commission nationale d’Accueil pour la Réinsertion des Réfugiés et des Rapatriés), UNHCR’s government counterpart will be sustained. Partnerships with national and international NGOs will remain stable at 13. The partnership with WFP will be strengthened in relation to a new profiling exercise which will result in a new joint UNHCR and WFP livelihoods strategy. Pursuing a transition towards solutions for protracted situations, UNHCR will aim to strengthen its partnership with UNDP. Emphasis will be placed on inter-agency coordination activities and bridging the gap with development actors.

Key priorities

In 2018, UNHCR will focus on:
  • Improving the quality of life of refugees struggling to combat high levels of mortality, morbidity, and malnutrition through multi-sector interventions, focusing on the most vulnerable, U-5 children and pregnant and lactating women;;
  • The inclusion and integration of all sectors into national services, particularly health, water, sanitation and education;
  • Increasing water supply through the regular maintenance of existing systems and the introduction of a solar-powered system in the camps in the East;
  • Promoting self-reliance through a transitional phase from humanitarian mechanisms to development strategies.
  • Concrete measures to facilitate the socio-economic integration of refugees, by gradually integrating refugee schools and health facilities into the national system.  
Latest contributions
  • 17-JUL-2019
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    European Union
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  • 05-JUL-2019
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  • 30-JUN-2019

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