Operation: Opération: Zimbabwe



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Key Figures

2018 year-end results
100% of refugees had access to primary health care
75% of primary school-aged children were enrolled in primary education
12,060 refugees benefitted from the distribution of multi-purpose cash grants
890 households received production kits or inputs for agriculture or livestock activities
450 latrines were constructed
150 people of concern had access to anti-retroviral treatment
2019 planning figures
2,700 children will be enrolled in primary education 
1,200 people of concern will receive production kits for agriculture, livestock and fisheries activities 
300 people of concern will  receive long-term/permanent shelter
12 events, workshops and seminars will be organized; including moot court, consular clinics, trainings, campaigns, and advocacy sessions

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

Increase in
2018 18,891
2017 18,874
2016 10,064


[["Refugees",7797],["Asylum-seekers",10210],["Returned refugees",21],["Others of concern",863]]
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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[6.82514325,5.80670135,6.43412162,10.95797928,7.81785047,11.40948994],"expenditure":[5.11835744,4.82715146,4.95217574,7.07456308,5.77098573,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[6.13458825,5.67679147,6.08461144,10.52588522,7.56402247,7.74548128],"p2":[null,0.12990988,0.34951018,0.43209406,0.253828,0.26000566],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[0.690555,null,null,null,null,3.404003]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[4.77045832,4.7047107,4.75229399,6.83835733,5.59678891,null],"p2":[null,0.12244076,0.19988175,0.23620575,0.17419682,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[0.34789912,null,null,null,null,null]}
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  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Operational environment

The operational context in Zimbabwe remained stable throughout 2018. Government of Zimbabwe continued to maintain a favorable protection environment towards refugees and asylum-seekers in the country despite the political and economic turmoil. UNHCR continued to work closely with the Office of the Commissioner for Refugees in the protection and assistance of refugees, asylum-seekers and other people of concern in Zimbabwe.
New arrivals from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) put increased pressure on existing structures and services in the Tongogara camp. The sudden increase in population coupled with funding constraints had a particular impact on access to shelter, which remained limited. UNHCR and partners promoted the self-reliance of refugees in Tongogara through livelihoods projects to. In addition to Congolese refugees, Zimbabwe continued to host some 7,800 Mozambican asylum-seekers.

Population trends

At the end of 2018, Zimbabwe was hosting 18,870 people of concern comprising of 7,800 refugees, 10,210 asylum-seekers and 860 other people of concern. The vast majority of refugees and asylum-seekers were from the DRC. Over 1,000 Mozambican asylum-seekers were hosted in Tongogara camp and some 6,500 unregistered Mozambicans were staying in Zimbabwean border communities.

Key achievements

  • UNHCR coordinated with the Government and partners in the provision of lifesaving protection and humanitarian assistance to people of concern, including shelter, health, sanitation and core relief items in Tongogara camp;
  • The Government of Zimbabwe, with UNHCR’s support, issued 810 birth records, 810 birth certificates and 2,030 refugee identity cards;  
  • 104 machine readable convention travel documents were issued to refugees to enable legal and safe travel;
  • 660 refugee girls were vaccinated against cervical cancer;
  • 1,170 households were supported in undertaking livelihoods activities for self-reliance.

Unmet needs

  • Shortage of qualified teachers and infrastructure continued to pose a challenge to the quality of education of refugee children.
  • Shortages of medicines in government referral institutions continued to affect negatively the access to health care for people of concern due to the inability to procure medicines from private pharmacies as result of limited resources.
  • Gaps in meeting the shelter and WASH needs of people of concern remain unmet due to the increase in the population against limited resources. 

Working environment

Zimbabwe continues to maintain a favorable protection environment. The overall situation remains peaceful, though there are some heightened intra-party tensions due to the elections scheduled for 2018. The number of new asylum-seekers, particularly from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is expected to increase during 2018. Progress on the prevention of statelessness is gradually improving. Despite facing economic challenges, the Government continues to support refugees and asylum-seekers through the provision of land, transit centre facilities, warehouses, access to services and social amenities, personnel and documentation. Coordination mechanisms with partners are in place and will be continued in 2018.

Key priorities: 

In 2018 UNHCR will focus on:
  • Engaging the most vulnerable in livelihoods activities;
  • Diversifying partnerships to increase the identification of people in need of international protection through regular border monitoring and visits to detention facilities;
  • Working with the legislature to align relevant laws with the 2013 constitution and conducting a study on statelessness.
 Despite the increase in population of concern, the budget continues to reduce. This has resulted in a considerable funding gap in shelter, education, WASH, livelihoods and core relief items support. Failure to meet these needs will have a negative impact on protection, assistance and solutions.
Latest contributions
  • 17-JUL-2019
  • 16-JUL-2019
  • 11-JUL-2019
  • 10-JUL-2019
  • 08-JUL-2019
    European Union
  • Kuwait
  • 05-JUL-2019
  • 04-JUL-2019

    private donors

  • European Union
  • Japan
  • 03-JUL-2019
  • 02-JUL-2019
  • 30-JUN-2019

    private donors

  • Argentina
  • Sweden

    private donors

  • Spain
  • Oman

    private donors

  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

  • Kuwait

    private donors

  • Saudi Arabia

    private donors