Central African Republic


Operation: Opération: Central African Republic



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Key Figures

2018 year-end results
82,030 IDP households were accommodated in emergency family shelters
76,300 IDP households (52% managed by women) received NFIs. 2,230 of them received multi-purpose cash instead of in-kind assistance
100% of child protection efforts carried out through protection committees were achieved
75% of Sudanese refugee children in Obo attended primary school
2019 planning figures
100% of people of concern enjoy international protection
100% of IDPs benefit from Protection, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), emergency shelter and basic domestic items related activities
160,780 new returnees benefit from sustainable reintegration assistance

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

Increase in
2018 989,454
2017 866,948
2016 458,607


[["Refugees",6655],["Asylum-seekers",402],["IDPs",640969],["Returned IDPs",306246],["Returned refugees",35182]]
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Central African Republic

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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[72.99517142,51.41588869,57.558703669,53.08443808,41.26942083,42.60000095],"expenditure":[30.83826436,28.05206276,27.75001507,33.13216952,27.67508187,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[22.2141765,11.20435682,13.828749925,24.29164077,9.63998164,8.66506046],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,0.02],"p3":[null,null,18.01743734,14.76256501,16.9857776,14.20291508],"p4":[50.78099492,40.21153187,25.712516404,14.0302323,14.64366159,19.71202541]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[10.9546183,9.49333057,10.97116821,14.64808906,6.79690552,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,7.6601341,7.62007999,12.60307671,null],"p4":[19.88364606,18.55873219,9.11871276,10.86400047,8.27509964,null]}
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  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Operational environment

During 2018, the security, socio-political and economic situations in the Central African Republic (CAR) improved. This is largely attributed to the support provided by the international community and the African Union, as well as the deployment of the national army and administrative authorities across the country.
Despite several peace agreements were reached between the Government, armed groups and civil society, reports of violence and insecurity in some parts of the country remained throughout the year.
UNHCR and the Government continue to conduct activities of protection and assistance to people of concern to UNHCR in spite of the prevailing situation.

Population trends

In 2018, the population of concern to UNHCR in CAR increased from approximately 770,000 in January to over a million, including IDP returnees, at the end of December.
Some 35,130 refugees returned back to CAR from countries of asylum throughout the year. Some 257,310 IDPs returned to their localities of origin, while 209,580 were newly displaced in 2018. Hence, the population of concern at year-end was composed of: 640,970 IDPs, some 7,060 refugees and asylum-seekers; 35,130 refugee returnees, out of which 3,770 returns were facilitated and 290,425 IDP returnees.

Key achievements

  • UNHCR carried out protection monitoring and provided adequate response to IDPs, refugees and returnees in different sites and locations across the country.
  • The return of approximately 3,770 refugees, mainly from the Republic of the Congo, was facilitated. Spontaneous returns from Cameroon, Chad and the DRC were also recorded. 
  • 525 South Sudanese refugees in Obo were trained on income generating activities.
  • Through a partnership with FAO, UNHCR provided seeds and tools for agriculture to 618 Sudanese refugee households.

Unmet needs

  • Lack of support to refugees returning spontaneously from the country of asylum, especially the Republic of Congo, as well as the delay in repatriation activities because of the insufficient financial resources in the countries where returnees are coming from.
  • Due to logistical and security challenges, the distribution of food to South Sudanese refugees and launching of income-generating activities were delayed.
  • The implementation of cash-based interventions remained limited due to the insufficient coverage of financial institutions and poor markets in areas hosting IDPs and returnees.

Working environment

In 2018, the Central African Republic (CAR) is expected to face continued instability that will drive ongoing mass displacement, with numbers climbing higher than those of 2017. UNHCR will need to remain flexible to respond to crises in new areas of the country. It will look to strengthen the existing coordination mechanisms to deliver wider and to ensure that any gaps in the response are addressed.
The fragility of the situations in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and South Sudan, and continued instability in the southern border regions of Chad, will see an estimate afflux of 18,500 new refugee arrivals during the course of the year.

The political landscape will continue to improve. The next presidential elections are scheduled for 2021, and the State will slowly extend its reach throughout 2018. This will offer an increasing scope for UNHCR to work in partnership with civil authorities in supporting return and reintegration activities, and in assisting in the re-establishment of essential services in the areas less affected by violence. These areas may also see a shift away from humanitarian towards transitional and developmental activities. Once ‘go-and-see’ visits have been carried out, UNHCR is expecting to see a reduction in the number of Central African refugees repatriating, though it is anticipated that some 25,000 people will return in 2018.
The government will continue to offer the refugee populations asylum in alignment with its open-border policy, and access to essential services, such as health and education.
The MINUSCA mandate and presence will remain broadly unchanged from 2017, and will continue ensuring security in the capital Bangui, and other major towns of strategic importance, such as Bambari.
The activities of armed groups will mean a continued operational focus on protection monitoring and site management.

Key priorities

In 2018, UNHCR will focus on:
  • Increasing the distribution of non-food items and emergency shelter assistance to the growing numbers of IDPs;
  • Strengthening coordination to better manage and deliver assistance for returning refugees and IDPs. UNHCR will deepen its partnership with the main government agency dealing with reintegration, the Projet d'Appui au Retour et à la Réintégration en République Centrafricaine (PARET);
  • Improving refugees’ access to basic social services, with a particular emphasis on primary and secondary education. UNHCR will achieve this through increased support to existing government infrastructure;
  • Joint projects with UN agencies, as co-financed projects play a larger role in financing the operation.
Latest contributions
  • 17-JUL-2019
  • 16-JUL-2019
  • 11-JUL-2019
  • 10-JUL-2019
  • 08-JUL-2019
    European Union
  • Kuwait
  • 05-JUL-2019
  • 04-JUL-2019

    private donors

  • European Union
  • Japan
  • 03-JUL-2019
  • 02-JUL-2019
  • 30-JUN-2019

    private donors

  • Argentina
  • Sweden

    private donors

  • Spain
  • Oman

    private donors

  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

  • Kuwait

    private donors

  • Saudi Arabia

    private donors