Global Compact for Refugees - UNHCR



On 3 March 2017, the Government of Honduras became the very first country to participate in the roll-out of comprehensive responses in the Americas with the aim of improving its response to the needs of refugees and asylum-seekers, Honduran returnees with protection needs, Hondurans abroad and internally displaced persons (IDPs). With a view to develop a national MIRPS chapter for Honduras, a technical team was formed with elements from the National Institute of Migration (INM), the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, of Human Rights and the Office of the General Coordinator of the Government, in order to lead the national consultation process. The technical team, with UNHCR’s support, facilitated consultations with the concerned populations to identify needs; with State institutions to identify and prioritize the response to such needs by designing an action plan. Civil society, academia and international community actors were also brought in to determine priorities, gaps, and complementary actions. In October 2017, Honduras hosted the San Pedro Sula Conference which represented the official launch of the MIRPS, the Regional CRRF where 6 countries presented their national commitments.

Delivering on existing commitments

Based on existing commitments made by the Government of Honduras in the 2014 Brazil Plan of Action, the country managed to put in place favourable actions such as strengthening its asylum system by creating an Internal Commission to review, analyse and decide about applications presented to the INM; and establishing guidelines for the identification, reception and referral of returned nationals in need of protection for one of the three Centres for the Attention of Returned Migrants (CAMR). Within the framework of the 2016 San Jose Action Statement, Honduras has made significant progress in delivering on its six committed actions such as the second commitment to adopt a legal framework on internal displacement whereby a bill for a “Law for the Prevention, Care and Protection of Internally Displaced Persons” was formulated which awaits formal implementation.

Priorities in applying the MIRPS in Honduras

The Government of Honduras (GoH) has made a number of generous commitments that respond to the needs and gaps identified during the national consultations. Such commitments are organized around the four profiles (refugees and asylum seekers, returnees with protection needs, Hondurans abroad and IDPs) and are being implemented under the leadership of the ministries for Human Rights, Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

  1. Refugees and asylum-seekers

Responding to needs of refugees and asylum seekers, the Government of Honduras committed to:

  • Strengthen the capacity of the INM and National Police to identify persons in need of international protection;
  • Strengthen the mechanisms to provide humanitarian assistance and legal counselling;
  • Foster a mechanism that guarantees the recognition of refugee identity documents;
  • Foster the participation of refugees within decision-making processes that include their interests in institutional actions and strengthen the capacities of groups and organisations through the Asylum Commission;
  • Develop awareness-raising campaigns aimed at authorities and private sector businesses on the rights of refugees and asylum-seekers;
  • Establish a dialogue with the Ministries of Labour and Education to remove obstacles that refugees and asylum-seekers face in their access to employment and education;
  1. Honduran returnees with protection needs

The Government of Honduras committed to:

  • Improve the care provided to returned Hondurans with protection needs;
  • Increase humanitarian assistance and promote prioritized access for returnees in existing labour reintegration programmes;
  • establish spaces for dialogue with Honduran communities;
  • Standardize existing guidelines for the identification of returnees with protection needs in all three Centres for the attention of Returned migrants (CAMRs).
  1. Hondurans abroad

With a view to support Hondurans which sought asylum abroad, the Government of Honduras pledged to:

  • Strengthen its referral and legal advice mechanisms for persons in need of protection abroad;
  • Provide assistance and guidance to consulates, including through technical capacity and the development of identification guidelines.
  1. Internally displaced persons (IDPs)

In responding to the needs of IDPs, the Government of Honduras agreed to:

  • Implement a protection plan that facilitates reception, assistance and referral of IDPs
  • Strengthen the capacities of the Directorate for the Protection of Persons Internally Displaced by Violence;
  • Develop a communication and awareness-raising strategy on the rights of IDPs aimed at combatting discrimination faced by displaced persons;
  • Establish a mechanism to register abandoned properties and facilitate access to vocational training programmes and income-generating activities;
  • Develop strategies to prevent and address the specific risks of women and girls, transport workers, traders, persons at risk of losing their lands, and LGBTI persons;
  • Establish a displacement information mechanism that periodically generates data on displacement causes and trends
  • Submit the Law on prevention, protection and assistance for IDPs to the national Congress and carry out its consultations with people of concern.
  • Develop a strategy to prevent violence in high-risk schools including protection mechanisms for teachers.


Key actors involved

  • For refugees and asylum-seekers, including border monitoring, strengthening of the eligibility commission and assistance: The National Migration Institute, the National Commissioner for Human Rights (CONADEH) and the Honduran NGO CIPRODEH.
  • Hondurans abroad and returnees with protection needs: MoFA, NRC, IOM and the ICRC.
  • IDPs: The Secretary of Human Rights, the National Commissioner for Human Rights (CONADEH) and several NGO partners included in the protection and assistance network (NRC, Casa Alianza, Scalabrinin Sisters, ERIC, Calidad de Vida, Caritas), the National Municipalities Association and the Property Institute, among others.

Next steps

A multi-functional task force, which includes the Human Rights Secretary, the National Migration Institute, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the General Coordinator’s Office is currently identifying existing resources for the fulfilment of all MIRPS commitments. UNPD is developing a methodology with the Government to identify funding sources for the SDGs and the National Development Plan. In the long run, UNHCR and UNDP aim to proceed with the quantification exercise with technical support from the IADB.

Current challenges

Actors involved in the MIRPS are facing difficulties in reinforcing differentiated protection measures to prevent displacement or the different causes as well as in combining the implementation current national responses through one single mechanism. Active participation of displaced persons in the national protection framework consolidation process and programmes is likewise challenging due to heightened risks and protection concerns.

  • Contact person in UNHCR NO Honduras

Andres Celis,

  • Contact person in UNHCR RO Panama

Diana Diaz Rodiguez,

Hugues Van Brabandt,  

  • Contact person in UNHCR Regional Bureau for the Americas 

Elisabet Diaz Sanmartin,

See other MIRPS countries: 


Costa Rica




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