This document contains documentation to help UNHCR and WASH actors build pour flush institutional latrines in refugee settings with septic tanks and drain fields. The package includes: Technical Drawings; Step by Step Construction Drawings; Bills of Quantity; Material and Workmanship Specifications; and Design Calculations.
This sizing calculation tool has been designed to assist UNHCR and WASH actors correctly size septic tanks in displaced settings taking into account numbers of users, wastewater and sewage flows, sludge and scum accumulation rates, desludging periods, liquid retention times, and average annual ambient temperatures.
The book Emergency Sanitation: Assessment and programme design has been produced to assist those involved in planning and implementing emergency sanitation programmes. The main focus of the book is a systematic and structured approach to assessment and programme design. It provides a balance between the hardware (technical) and software (socio-cultural, institutional) aspects of sanitation programmes, and links short-term emergency response to long-term sustainability. The book is relevant to a wide range of emergency situations, including both natural and conflict-induced disasters, and open and closed settings. It is suitable for field technicians, engineers and hygiene promoters, as well as staff at agency headquarters.
- Tags: Communal Toilets, Desludging and Excreta Transportation, Excreta / Urine ReUse, Excreta Composting, Excreta Management, Excreta Treatment, Household Toilets, Sewerage and Excreta Conveyance, WASH Assessments, WASH Monitoring, and WASH Programme Management. Languages: English. Organisations: WEDC. Categories: WASH Emergency Guidelines and WASH Reference Documents.
The purpose of the manual is to provide practical guidance on how to select, design, construct and maintain appropriate excreta disposal systems in emergency situations. Relevant situations include natural disasters, relief for refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), and complex emergencies, focusing on rural and peri-urban areas. The manual presents a process, which can be followed to assess the current excreta disposal needs and priorities, and to design an appropriate programme to respond to those needs. It can also be used to select appropriate excreta disposal technologies, systems, and hygiene promotion interventions. The manual provides guidance on how to plan, design and construct systems, and how to maintain and promote appropriate use of those systems.
This document contains documentation to help UNHCR and WASH actors build desludgable institutional latrines in refugee settings. The package includes: Technical Drawings; Step by Step Construction Drawings; Bills of Quantity; Material and Workmanship Specifications; and Design Calculations.
This document contains guidelines for toilets in refugee settings including: site selection; prevention of surface or ground water contamination; pit reinforcement; toilet slab strength; toilet slab anchorage; sanitary sealing; use of plastic sheeting; toilet doors; privacy walls; vector control measures; rain and stormwater protection; wash block accessories; collection of anal cleansing and sanitary materials; material specifications; handwashing stations design considerations; and environmental considerations for sourcing wood .
- Tags: Communal Toilets, Excreta Management, Excreta Treatment, Household Toilets, WASH Programme Management, and WASH Strategy Development. Languages: English. Organisations: UNHCR. Categories: WASH Design Guidelines, WASH Guidelines, WASH Policy Guidelines, WASH Reference Documents, and WASH Technical Designs.
The choice of sanitation technology in humanitarian crisis is based on various factors including the terrain, social and cultural norms and agency experience. There is the continued need for humanitarian response mechanisms to factor the environmental impact and sustainability of the technologies used in the provision of safe water supply and sanitation to affected communities. The acceptability of using ecological sanitation technologies such as Urine Diversion Dry Toilets (UDDT) in refugee contexts needs significant exploration. Using refugee camps in Dollo Ado as a case study, this paper outlines how the UDDT technology has been implemented in the context of protracted refugee camps, the successes and the areas needing further exploration to make it better able to be adopted across various refugee programmes and contexts.
The report examines the feasibility of a wide range of standard sanitation technologies in addition to sanitation innovations in refugee contexts (including miniaturized biogas, reinvented toilets, new processor technologies, SMS dispatching, pay per use toilets, sale of by-products). Technologies were evaluated based on upfront investment cost; technology viability, suitable size and transportability; flexibility and resilience; and value for money.
This assessment tool has been designed to assist UNHCR and WASH actors collect data on excreta management during a needs assessment. The main purpose of this tool is to identify problems related to excreta management and identify actions to bring conditions to UNHCR standards.
- Tags: Communal Toilets, Desludging and Excreta Transportation, Excreta / Urine ReUse, Excreta Composting, Excreta Management, Excreta Treatment, Household Toilets, Sewerage and Excreta Conveyance, WASH Assessments, and WASH Monitoring. Languages: English. Organisations: UNHCR. Categories: WASH Blank Forms, WASH Emergency Guidelines, WASH Emergency Tools, and WASH Reference Documents.
The UNHCR WASH Manual is a comprehensive and authoritative reference document for WASH interventions in refugee settings, built upon the experience of UNHCR and WASH organisations.
- Tags: Bathing Facilities, Bloody Diarrhoea, Boreholes, Bulk Water Treatment, Child Friendly Facilities, Communal Toilets, Communicable Disease Control, Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), Cross Cutting, Desludging and Excreta Transportation, Disability, Disease Vector Control, Drainage, Drilling, Excreta / Urine ReUse, Excreta Composting, Excreta Management, Excreta Treatment, Gender, Grey Water Disposal, Hand Dug Wells, Handpumps, Handwashing with Soap, Household Toilets, Household Water Treatment, Human Right to Water / Sanitation, Hygiene Behaviour Change, Hygiene Promotion, Landfill Management, Laundering Facilities, Malaria, Medical Waste Management, Menstruation Hygiene Management, Piped Water Networks, Protection, Public Health, Rainwater Harvesting, Sewerage and Excreta Conveyance, Solid Waste Management, Spring Protection, WASH Assessments, WASH Coordination, WASH Monitoring, WASH Programme Health and Safety, WASH Programme Management, Waste Recycling , Reuse and Reduction, Water Prospection and Investigation, Water Pumping, Water Quality Testing and Surveillance, Water Safety Plans, Water Storage, Water Supply, Water Tankering, and Watery Diarrhoea. Languages: English. Organisations: UNHCR. Categories: WASH Reference Documents.